Quinta Ervamoira

Ervamoira

 

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In 1974, José António Ramos Pinto Rosas, the then Chairman of Casa Ramos Pinto, was persistently looking for an estate on fairly flat land that would allow for mechanisation, as already at that time the lack of and the high cost of labour was being felt in the Douro. Having studied military maps, he found and bought the Quinta de Santa Maria, re-christened as Quinta de Ervamoira, which would become a model estate in the whole of the Douro region.
Two years later, with the help of his nephew João Nicolau de Almeida, José Rosas embarked on the project to study and select the five best varieties and to work only on the material selected, taking into account not only Port Wine but also Still Wine. This joint work made Ervamoira a pilot project, the first Quinta in the Douro to be planted vertically and by fields.

Each field would grow a different variety, thus putting an end to the mixture of varieties in the vineyards. The results of this study were presented in a communication delivered by both men in 1981 at the University of Trás-os-Montes.
Despite the controversy this caused, the conclusions of this study were accepted by the World Bank, which authorised the planting of 2500 new ha of vines.
With the onset of the construction of the Côa dam, the Quinta de Ervamoira ran the risk of disappearing under water. The discovery of the rock etchings at Vale do Côa gave new hope to those confronted with the loss of many years of work, excellent results, huge investments, and at the end of the day, with the disappearance of a unique landscape, one which had been enjoyed by men from the Palaeolithic age.

Ervamoira was finally free from the threat of submersion when in 1996 the recently elected government decided to put an end to the works on the dam.
Respecting a tradition as old as its own history, Casa Ramos Pinto continued to give importance to the cultural aspects of the history of the Quinta de Ervamoira. It invested in the creation of an on-site museum for the public which was inaugurated in 1997 by the then Minister of Culture, Prof. Doctor Manuel Maria Carrilho. With the decision taken by UNESCO to give the Vale do Côa etchings the status of Heritage of Mankind, the Quinta de Ervamoira was given the privilege of becoming the first wine producing estate to use the title of Heritage of Mankind.

Wine producing characteristics
The Quinta de Ervamoira is located in the Douro region, sub-region of the Douro Superior, in the parish of Muxagata, Vila Nova de Foz Côa. With a total surface area of 234 hectares and with altitudes which vary between 110 and 340 metres, this quinta has 150 ha of vines with an average age of 30 years old. In Ervamoira, the vertical form of planting has been exclusively used. Only 10% of the varieties produced there are white. Of the remaining 90%, 32% of Touriga Nacional, 22% of Touriga Franca, 11% of Tinta Roriz, 7% of Tinta Barroca, 7% of Tinta da Barca and 21% others.

Ervamoira On-Site Museum
Quinta de Ervamoira - Vila Nova de Foz Côa
Phone +351 279 759 229 /Mobile +351 935 263 490/+351 932 992 533 / Fax +351 223 775 099
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"150 ha of vineyards that vary between 110 and 340 metres of altitude"

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